Biology

Biology Course List

Biology Courses Offered

 

Please follow the link below to be re-directed to the current GVSU online-catalog description of all our courses:

 http://catalog.gvsu.edu/content.php?catoid=13&navoid=440

Undergraduate: 100 | 200 | 300 | 400  Graduate: 500 | 600

Also see NRM Course List for other courses of interest.

*Numbers in parentheses at the end of the course descriptions indicate the number of lecture,discussion,and laboratory hours per week. Note: 500-level courses may be taken for undergraduate credit with prior approval.

 

BIO 104 Biology for the 21st Century Introductory course for non-science majors  designed to provide a biological literacy for making informed personal, social, and environmental decisions.  Topics include cell biology, genetics and biotechnology, form and function of the human body, evolution, and ecology.  Does not count toward a biology major or minor. Fulfills Foundation - Life Sciences with a Lab.  Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters. Four credits.

BIO 105 Environmental Science Study of natural ecosystems, their interrelationships, and human impacts and evolutions of humans and environmental determinants of their cultures. Land use, resource and energy utilization, population trends and causative factors, air and water pollution, and economic factors influencing decision-making are emphasized. Does not count towards a biology major or minor. Fulfills Foundation - Life Sciences and Fulfills one of the Issues/Themes requirements. (3-0-0) Three credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.

BIO 107 Great Lakes and Other Water Resources A study of our region's water resources, including the Great Lakes, streams, and groundwater, and relationships of people with these systems. Does not count towards a biology major or minor. Fulfills Foundation - Life Sciences with a Lab.  (3-0-0) Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 109 Plants in the World  A non-majors course that looks at the ways plants are used by humans as food, flavorings, fibers, medicines, building materials, etc. Topics include biotechnology, environmental issues, and population issues. Fulfills Foundation - Life Sciences with a Lab. (3-0-2) Four credits. Offered fall and winter semesters.

BIO 120 General Biology I  Introduction to cell structure and physiology, growth and development, and genetics. Prerequisite: High school chemistry, CHM 109, or CHM 115 (CHM 109 or 115 may be taken concurrently). Fulfills Foundation - Life Sciences with a Lab. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters. Formerly listed as Bio 112.

BIO 121 General Biology II  Introduction to the diversity of living creatures, anatomy and physiology of organisms, animal behavior, patterns of reproduction, ecology, and major pathways of Darwinian mechanisms of evolution. Prerequisite: BIO 120. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall and winter semesters. Formerly listed as Bio 111.

BIO 180 Special Topics in Biology  Readings, lecture, discussions, lab, or field experience (or any combination) on a specific biological topic. Prerequisites: variable. 1 to 4 credits.
 

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BIO 205 Genetics for K-8 Pre-Service Teachers Concepts of heredity for pre-service teachers emphasizing human traits. Includes Mendelian and non-Mendelian transmission genetics, structure and replication of DNA, and protein synthesis. Course is intended for integrated science majors. Does not fulfill requirements for a biology major or minor. Content reflects national and Michigan science standards. (1-0-2) Offered every semester.

BIO 215 General Ecology  Populations, communities, and ecosystems, including primary productivity and energy flow, materials cycling, succession, population dynamics, and systems modeling. Prerequisites:  BIO 120 and sophomore standing (BIO 121 recommended). (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall and summer semesters.

BIO 222 Natural History of Vertebrates  Taxonomy, ecology, life histories, behavior, and distribution of vertebrates, with special emphasis on those of the region. Two Saturday field trips. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 232 Natural History of Invertebrates  Anatomy, physiology, embryology, evolution, and natural history of the major groups of invertebrate animals. Those of the Great Lakes region will be emphasized. Prerequisite: BIO121. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 243 Plant Identification and Natural History  Examines the plants of West Michigan with emphasis on identification skills and natural history of the plants and communities in which they occur. Offered spring/summer semester. Prerequisite: BIO 121. Three credits.

BIO 272 Insect Biology and Diversity  Anatomy and physiology, life histories, ecology and evolution, and classification of insects. Students will also gain expertise in the collection, curation,and identification of local insects. Prerequisites: BIO 121 (215 recommended). (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 280 Special Topics in Biology  Readings, lecture, discussions, lab, or field experience (or any combination) on a specific biological topic. Prerequisites: variable. 1 to 4 credits.

BIO 302 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy  Phylogeny and anatomy of vertebrates. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (2-0-4). Four credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 303 Plant Morphology  Evolution, reproduction, and structure of algae, fungi, bryophytes, lower vascular plants, and seed plants. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 308 Wildlife Ecology  This course provides an introduction to wildlife ecology including population ecology as it relates to wildlife management and conservation. Offered winter semester. Prerequisite: BIO 215. Four credits.

BIO 309 Plants and Human Health  Examination of the plants and fungi that are sources of medicines and herbal remedies or that are used in the healing practices of various societies. Plants that are a regular part of people¹s diets and that have been found to have specific health benefits also will be discussed. Does not count toward a Biology major or minor. Fulfills one of the Issues/Themes requirements. Prerequisite: Junior standing and completion of the Life Sciences General Education category. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 311 Who's Running Your Life: Genes, Evolution, and Behavior The vast majority of human evolutionary history occurred while we lived in small hunter-gatherer groups. This course will examine if our genetically determined behavior from the past is still affecting us today. Does not count toward a Biology major or minor. Part of the Identity Issue. Prerequisite: Junior standing. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 319 Global Agricultural Sustainability  Study of the biological and environmental principles at the foundation of agricultural sustainability; how various traditional and modern agricultural practices follow those principles and how social, cultural, and economic factors ultimately control agricultural practices. Cohesiveness with other courses in this theme will be maintained by highlighting a specific geographical region. Prerequisites: Completion of the General Education Life Science Requirement. Three credits. Offered fall and winter semester.

BIO 323 Aquatic and Wetlands Plants  Aquatic vascular plants and algae of the Great Lakes region with emphasis on taxonomy, physiology, and ecological distribution. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 325 Human Sexuality  Introduction to the biological dimensions of human sexuality from physiological, ecological, and evolutionary perspectives. Fulfills one of the Issues/Themes requirements. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall and winter semester.

BIO 328 Biomedical Ethics  Examination of ethical dilemas encountered in medicine and biomedical research, with an emphasis on obligations of health care workers to their patients. Part of the Health Issue. Students who take BIO 328 may not also earn credit for BIO 338. Prerequisite: Junior standing. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.

BIO 329 Evolution of Social Behavior  Study of the social behavior of animals from a Darwinian perspective, emphasizing processes through which animal societies are structured and maintained. Vertebrate and invertebrate species will be studied to understand how evolution, social behavior, and social roles are linked. Does not count toward biology or biopsychology majors or biology minor. Part of the Identity Issue. Prerequisite: Junior standing. One course in biology or psychology recommended. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall and winter semester.

BIO 333 Systematic Botany Principles and methods of taxonomy of vascular plants. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered fall semester. Counts as part of the biology minor.

BIO 338 Environmental Ethics  Examines philosophical underpinnings of environmental ethics. Explores approaches for understanding sustainability issues, solving ongoing environmental problems, and developing a global environmental ethic. Part of the Sustainability Issue. Students who take BIO 338 may not also earn credit for BIO 328. Prerequisite: Junior standing. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.

BIO 342 Ornithology  Identification, classification, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and life histories of birds. Prerequisite: BIO 121. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter and occasional summer semesters.

BIO 349 The Darwinian Revolution An introduction to the Darwinian revolution in biology and its impact on the western world-view. Examines the power of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection to explain the origin, history, and diversity of life on Earth including human affairs. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. Fulfills one of the Issues/Themes requirements. (3-0-0) Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 352 Animal Behavior  Behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates with emphasis on adaptive significance. Prerequisites: Two courses in biology or psychology or permission of instructor. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 355 Human Genetics  Principles of genetics with emphasis on human traits and dis- orders. Genetic counseling, ethical considerations, technological advances, and evolution in human populations are discussed. Will not count toward the biology major without permission. Prerequisite: 120 or 104, or permission of instructor. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall, winter, and occasional spring/summer semesters.

BIO 357 Environmental Microbiology  An introduction to microbiology emphasizing the role of microorganisms in the environment. Surveys microbial lifestyles and the roles of microorganisms in food, water, soil and industrial microbiology and in nutrient recycling and energy flow. Will not substitute for BMS 212 and 213. Prerequisites: BIO 120 or permission of instructor. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 362 Fisheries Biology  Study of the anatomy, morphology, and classification of fishes and their biology, ecology, and evolution. Emphasis on species native to the Great Lakes region. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 121 or permission of instructor required (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 375 Genetics  Concepts of inheritance in plants, animals, and micro-organisms; both classical and modern investigative techniques are emphasized in lecture and the associated lab, BIO 376. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 376 is required. Prerequisites: BIO 120 (or BMS 208) and BIO 121. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall and winter semesters.

BIO 376 Genetics Laboratory  Laboratory exercises in classical and modern genetics. Required of all students taking BIO 375. Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in BIO 375 or successful completion of 355. (0-0-2). One credit. Offered fall and winter semesters.

BIO 380 Special Topics in Biology  Readings, lecture, discussions, lab, or field experience (or any combination) on a specific biological topic. Prerequisites: Variable and permission of instructor. Between 1 and 4 credits.

BIO 390 Seminar  Student presentation of selected topics in biology. Open to junior and senior biology majors and minors. May be repeated once for credit. (0-1-0). One credit.

BIO 399 Selected Experiences in Biology  Supervised independent laboratory, field, or other scholarly activity in biology. Topic and amount of credit must be arranged with faculty member and approved by department chair before registration. May be elected for up to five credits toward a biology degree. Prerequisite: Permission of department chair. One to four credits are available per semester. Offered fall, winter, and spring/summer semesters.

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BIO 402 Aquatic Insects  Examines in detail the morphology, ecology, diversity, and significance of aquatic insects, with emphasis on the fauna of local streams and lakes. Students will also gain expertise in the collection, curation, and identification (through use of taxonomic keys) of aquatic insects. Prerequisites: 120, 121, and 232 are recommended. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 403 Plant Structure and Function  Anatomy and physiology of plants, including interrelationships of structure and function in growth, flowering, seed germination, photosynthesis, respiration, water relations, and mineral nutrition. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and 121 and CHM 231 or 241. (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 405 Cell and Molecular Biology  Investigation of the structure and phenomena of cells at the macromolecular and cellular levels. Prerequisites: 375 and 376; CHM 232 or 242 (may be taken concurrently). (4-0-0). Four credits. Offered fall and winter semesters.

BIO 406 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory  A unified experimental approach to cell and molecular biology with emphasis on instrumentation and student initiative. Prerequisite: 405 (may be taken concurrently). (0-0-4). Two credits. Offered fall and winter semesters.

BIO 407 Biology and Society: Study Abroad  Biological topics related to biodiversity, sustainability, alternative energy, environmental policy and economics, land use, climate change, historical influences, and cultural/societal attitudes conducted within an international context. The society-based experience is combined with readings, lectures, papers, and discussions. 1 to 4 credits.

BIO 408 Wildlife Management  Wildlife population management; life histories, census techniques, and habitat evaluation. Prerequisites: 215; 222 and 333 recommended. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 411 Genetics of Development and Cancer  An advanced genetics course, covering genetic mechanisms of normal and abnormal development, cancer production, and aging. Current research techniques will be highlighted. Prerequisites: 375 and 376; a human genetics course, and CHM 232 may be substituted. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 412 Mammalogy  A survey of the Class Mammalia. Topics will include mammalian evolution, zoogeography, ecology, physiology, natural history, and behavior with emphasis on Michigan mammals. Students will gain practical experience in the techniques of field study, identification, and preservation of mammal specimens. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and 215. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 413 Freshwater Algae  Detailed study of the freshwater algae of the Great Lakes region. Topics will include the morphology, ecology, physiology, and evolutionary relationships of the major groups. Methods of collection will also be presented, and considerable emphasis given to identification of the regional flora. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and 215. (2-0-4). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 414 Molecular Biology of the Gene  Explores how genes are expressed and regulated so that tasks such as differentiation, development, homeostasis, and communication are accomplished, and how this is affected by evolution and biotechnology. Prerequisites: BIO 375 and BIO 376 and CHM 232 or 461. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 416 Advanced Genetics Laboratory  Experiments with both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms will involve techniques of gene induction, ELISA, DNA extraction, isolation and cloning, transformation, protein translation and analysis of genes ligated into expression vectors. Prerequisites: BIO 376; 411 or 414 recommended (may be taken concurrently). (0-0-4). Two credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 417 International Field Biology  One to three week trips to international locations to study the fauna, flora, ecology of representative ecosystems, climate, geology, paleobiology, environmental problems, and/or human impacts upon the above. The field-based experience is combined with readings, lectures, papers, and discussions. A maximum of six credits from BIO 417 & 418 combined may be applied to the elective credit requirements for the Biology or NRM major. BIO 417 does not satisfy the plant or animal biology requirements, but may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: variable and with permission of instructor. One to four credits. Offered spring/summer semesters.

BIO 418 Regional Field Biology  One to three week trips to U.S. regional locations to study the fauna, flora, ecology of representative ecosystems, climate, geology, paleobiology, environmental problems, and/or human impacts upon the above. The field-based experience is combined with readings, lectures, papers, and discussions. A maximum of six credits from BIO 417 & 418 combined may be applied to the elective credit requirements for the Biology or NRM major. BIO 418 does not satisfy the plant or animal biology requirements, but may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: variable and with permission of instructor. One to four credits. Offered spring/summer semesters.

BIO 422 Embryology  Development in animals from formation of gametes and fertilization to larva or birth or hatching. Emphasis is on process and molecular control. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and BIO 120, 355 or 375, and a course in zoology or anatomy, or permission of instructor. (2-0-2). Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 423 Plant Biotechnology  Study of plant development and its control by hormones, environment and genome, and introduction to current techniques and topics in plant biotechnology, such as anther culture, protoplast preparation and fusion, embryogenesis, organogenesis, genetic transformation and developmental mutants. Prerequisite: BIO 376. (2-0- 2) Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 426 Nucleic Acids Laboratory  Investigation of an original problem in molecular biology using advanced molecular laboratory techniques found in most molecular academic and biotechnology laboratories. Introduction to computer DNA sequence analysis and bioinformatics. Prerequisites: 406 or permission of instructor. (0-0-4). Two credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 432 Comparative Animal Physiology  Functions of the organ systems of animals, including their regulatory mechanisms. Prerequisites: BIO 120 (or BMS 208), BIO 121, CHM 232 or 242. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 433 Plant Ecology  Exploration of plant adaptations and environmental processes governing species distribution and demography, community richness and structure, and ecosystem processes. Offered fall semester. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 121, and BIO 215. Four credits.

BIO 440 Limnology  Ecology of lakes and streams with emphasis on the physical, chemical, and biological factors affecting their productivity. Prerequisite: 215 or permission of instructor. (2-0-4). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 442 Fish Ecology  Advanced study of fish ecology, including feeding, habitat selection, mating systems, reproduction, life history strategies, biotic interactions, behavior, survival and adaptations in marine and freshwater habitats. Emphasizes Teleost (bony) fishes in their native ranges; examples include species from around the world. Prerequisites: BIO 120, 121, and 215, or permission of instructor; 222, 352, or 362 recommended. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 450 Stream Ecology  Examines the structure and function of stream ecosystems, with emphasis on the physical, chemical, and biological factors that influence flowing-water habitats. Laboratory focuses on the methods of stream ecology, including collection and analysis of physical, chemical, and biological data. Field work emphasizes local stream ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and 215 or permission of instructor. (3-0-4). Four credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 452 Human Evolution  An examination of the fossil, genetic, and behavioral evidence of human evolution within a Darwinian evolutionary perspective. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and 121; or ANT 206 or permission of instructor. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years.

BIO 460 Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology  Investigation of the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems using a systems approach. Biotic and abiotic processes controlling interactions among biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems will be discussed and examined. Topics will include: controls on primary production, evapotranspiration, decomposition, and herbivory; and potential for anthropogenic changes in ecosystem processes. Prerequisites: 215; NRM 281 recommended. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall and occasional summer semesters.

BIO 470 Conservation Biology  Theoretical concepts and research applications in the multidisciplinary and applied science of maintaining the planet s biodiversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels. Topics include distribution, functions, and value of biodiversity; causes and consequences of biodiversity loss; conservation solutions; and social, political, legal, ethical, and economic aspects of biodiversity conservation. Prerequisite: 215. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester.

BIO 480 Special Topics in Biology  Readings, lecture, discussions, lab, or field experience (or any combination) on a specific biological topic. Prerequisites: variable. One to four credits.

BIO 490 Internship  Practical and applied biology carried out as independent study in specialized areas of biology. Such work will be carried out under the supervision of a faculty advisor and a supervisor at the institution where the work is done. May be elected for up to six credits towards the major. Prerequisites: Major in biology and permission of the department chair. One to six credits.

BIO 495 Evolutionary Biology (Capstone). Principles and mechanisms of evolution of living organisms. Builds on the knowledge base of the biology core of general biology, ecology, genetics, and molecular biology. Prerequisites: Senior status and BIO 120, 121, 215, 375, 376, and CHM 231 or 241. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall, winter, and occasional summer semesters.

BIO 499 Research in Biology  Can be elected for up to five credits toward the biology major. Number of hours of credit and topic to be arranged with faculty member involved. Prerequisite: A minimum grade point average of 3.0 in biology and permission of the department. One to four credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.

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Graduate Courses

400-level courses may be taken for graduate credit with prior approval.
500-level courses may be taken for undergraduate credit with prior approval.

BIO 525 Teaching Reproductive Health  The biology of human sexuality from physiological, anatomical, and behavioral perspectives. Emphasizes curriculum development and teaching strategies for K-12 instruction.(3-0-0). Prerequisites: bachelor's degree and teacher certification. Three credits. Offered summer semester of every third year.

BIO 535 Aquatic Microbial Ecology  Inconspicuous microscopic organisms control many ecosystem level processes. This course will explore the diversity, abundance, distribution and activities of planktonic microorganisms (e.g., virus, bacteria, protozoa, phytoplankton and zooplankton) in freshwater and marine ecosystems, by examining the role these ubiquitous microbes play in food web processes and biogeochemical cycles. Offered summer semester every third year. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Three credits.

BIO 550 Advanced Population Ecology  Advanced exploration of the intrinsic and extrinsic controls of population establishment, growth and decline, cohesion, and structure. Offered fall semester of even years. Prerequisite: Graduate status in the biology department or permission of instructor. Three credits.

BIO 557 Microbiology for Teachers  Microorganisms studied in their roles in the environment, medicine and industry, emphasizing methods and techniques useful for secondary teachers. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: bachelor's degree, including a year each of biology and chemistry, and teacher certification. Four credits. Offered summer semester of every third year.

BIO 565 Modern Genetics  Lectures and laboratory exercises stressing current knowledge in the field of genetics, including sources of normal and abnormal human phenotypes, gene function and regulation, genetic engineering and its applications, immunogenetics, developmental and behavioral genetics. Prerequisites: bachelor's degree and familiarity with Mendelian genetics. Three credits. Offered summer semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 570 Landscape Ecology Theory and Application  Landscape ecology explores the influence of landscape patterns on ecological processes. Topics include landscape patterns, dynamics, and heterogeneity; issues of scale; and spacial analysis. Students will examine various applications of landscape ecology concepts through discussions of peer-reviewed journal articles, computer-based assignments and project work. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Three credits. Offered fall semester.

BIO 572 Field Zoology  A survey of animals of the Great Lakes region: their classification, diversity, general features, specialization, habitats, distribution, growth, and reproduction. Collection, identification and preparation of specimens will be emphasized. Prerequisites: Bachelor's degree; one year of college-level biology. Three credits. Offered summer semester of every third year.

BIO 573 Plants of the Great Lakes Area  Identification of flowering plants and ferns native to the Great Lakes area; includes ecology of major plant communities. Prerequisites: One year of college-level biology; bachelors degree. Three credits. Offered summer semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 575 Ecology of the Great Lakes  Geological history and processes, physical environment, chemical properties, animal and plant communities, and human impact in the Great Lakes and adjacent land areas. Lake Michigan is studied aboard the research vessel D.J. Angus. Prerequisites: One year of college-level biology; bachelor's degree. Four credits. Offered summer semester every third year.

BIO 580 Special Topics in Biology  Readings, lecture, discussions, lab, or field experience (or any combination) on a specific biological topic. Prerequisites: variable. One to four credits.

BIO 610 Scientific Methodology Contemporary skills of biological scientists including hypothesis development, experimental control, data management, critical interpretation of data, project organization and monitoring, collaborative work habits, and effective communication. Skills will be built as students progress through case studies of landmark biological experiments, critiquing the primary literature, and creating their own scientific proposal. Prerequisites: Admission to the graduate program in biology. Offered fall semester. Three credits.

BIO 651 Emerging Issues in Water Resources  The most pressing water resource-related issues facing the planet today will be discussed and analyzed. Particular emphasis will be placed on analyzing these problems from a variety of perspectives, including environmental, economic, societal, and political. Prerequisites: BIO 440 or BIO 450. Two credits. Offered fall semester of odd years.

BIO 680 Special Topics in Biology  Lecture and/or laboratory courses on topics of current interest to graduate students. Offered one time only. One to three credits. Prerequisites: variable, and permission of instructor.

BIO 691 Graduate Internship  Full-time, on-the-job work performed at sponsoring entity under the supervision of an approved mentor in an area related to biological sciences. A written internship analysis and a public oral presentation are required. The student will defend the results in front of the student's graduate committee. Prerequisites: BIO 610 and successful completion of qualifying exams. Credits three to nine. Offered each semester.

BIO 693 Graduate Project  Application of scientific knowledge to a problem in the biological sciences. Projects will be performed under the supervision of an approved mentor from the sponsoring entity. A written report and public oral presentation are required. The student will defend the results in front of the student's graduate committee. Prerequisites: BIO 610 and successful completion of qualifying exams. Credits three to nine. Offered each semester.

BIO 695 Thesis Research  Original research in an area related to the biological sciences. Work will be performed under the supervision of the graduate committee chair and/or mentor. A written thesis or publication and a public oral presentation are required. The student will defend the thesis in front of the student's graduate committee. Prerequisites: BIO 610 and successful completion of qualifying exams. Credits three to nine. Offered each semester. 

BIO 696 Perspectives in Biology This graduate capstone course provides an integrated examination of the contemporary biological sciences in the context of student's graduate thesis, project, or internship work. The course includes a discussion of scientific ethics, emphasizes the critical evaluation of scientific literature, and further develops student's scientific professional writing and presentation skills. Prerequisites: BIO 610, STA 622, and completion or concurrent enrollment in BIO/NRM 691, BIO/NRM 693, or BIO/NRM 695. Offered winter semester. Three credits.

BIO 699 Independent Study  Independent research in topics of special interest to the student. One to three credits. May be elected for up to three credits towards a M. Ed. degree. Prerequisite: permission of instructor, student's committee chair, and department chair. Offered each semester.

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Page last modified March 13, 2014