For many years amphibian populations have been declining and much of this is the result of human destruction of the natural habitat of amphibians. To help stem the loss of amphibians we must look for alternative ways to provide habitat, and one way may be the wetlands on golf courses. We conducted surveys of 16 golf courses within the Grand Rapids watershed to determine what kind of habitat features they provided and what species were already present, focusing on leopard (Rana pipiens) and Green frogs (Rana clamitans). We used both night time calling surveys and daytime surveys to identify species present and measure many habitat features including grass height, water quality, depth, North shore characteristics and others. A preliminary review of the results suggests vegetation height surrounding the ponds does not seem to be significant factor. However other features, like North shore shallows and emergent vegetation may be linked to leopard frog presence. In this poster, we will present our results for both leopard and green frogs. With the information determined in this study, golf courses may be able to better design and manage their wetlands to encourage leopard and green frog populations.
Faculty Mentor: Stephen Burton
Page last modified July 14, 2009